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5 Skills to Have to Get Quantum Computing Jobs

by Nathan Zachary
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In recent years, quantum computing has been a promising career choice. Experts believe quantum computing could change the world. It can revolutionize drug discovery, facilitate security code deciphering, and many other capabilities. It is now clear that quantum computing has the potential to solve complex problems, something that was not possible before.

There are many quantum computing jobs that have been created in response to the growing use of quantum computing. Employers are looking for skilled, talented people who can use these technologies to achieve their company’s goals. We have listed the most relevant quantum computing skills that you need to get a quantum computing job. As a reference, we used an article from the best quantum magazine QuantumInsider.

List of Top Quantum Computing Skills


It may sound cheesy but the first and most important quality you need to have to get into quantum — or any field, really — is curiosity. I know curiosity is not technically something you can obtain. Still, it is crucial if you’re considering quantum computing as a potential profession.

I first got into quantum computing in 2019 because I was curious about how it could make the technologies we work with now even better. How can quantum integrate with technologies we worked hard to develop, like the internet or massive search engines (i.e. Google), and take them a step further? But, if I’m honest, I was the most curious about how quantum computing sounds like science fiction, even though it’s not fiction at all!

Basic Electronics

Because quantum computing is, after all, a computing field, we can say it has three primary layers: algorithmic, software, and hardware. If you decide to pursue a career in this field, you’ll probably be drawn toward specializing in one of these areas. 

Suppose the hardware aspect of quantum computing intrigues you the most. In that case, having a fundamental knowledge of electronics and electrical components can help you take your first step in the field. Of course, if hardware becomes your specialty, developing expertise in electronics will become a necessity.

Linear Algebra and Probability Theory 

Math is probably the first thing that might discourage someone from getting into quantum computing. That said, math is also an essential part of most technical and scientific fields, including data science, statistics, and artificial intelligence.

When it comes to quantum computing, two particular branches of math are heavily involved in describing and analyzing a quantum computer’s behavior: linear algebra and probability theory.

Linear algebra is the core way of representing all aspects of a quantum system — from the qubits themselves to their current state and even how the different gates in a quantum circuit behave. Meanwhile, we use probability theory to predict the system’s behavior and its possible outputs.

Some Physics 

What differentiates quantum computers from the computers we have today is how they use the phenomenon of quantum physics and mechanics, such as entanglement and quantum superposition, to solve problems differently.

In the case of classic computing, you don’t need to know precisely how a computer’s hardware works in order to create with it. Mostly, you just need to know how to use it.

Quantum computing is the opposite (at least right now), particularly at the algorithmic and software levels. To be a quantum software programmer, you need to know how a quantum computer works and then use that knowledge to build your applications, which will require you to understand some physics and the mechanics of how quantum algorithms work. This was the case for classical computers in their early stages, and hopefully, as quantum technology advances, knowing exactly how these computers work won’t be necessary for people to develop and use them.

Basic Programming

To get started with quantum computing in the current landscape, you’ll probably need to know some programming basics. Currently, some programming languages are entirely designed to program quantum computers. Still, they’re designed to be similar to existing classical programming languages to make the transition to quantum much easier.

Python is one of the most frequently used programming languages to program quantum computers today. Many companies such as IBM and Google have released Python packages that can be used to learn the basics of quantum computers and implement different algorithms.

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