Farmers start preparing for the Rabi crop immediately after harvesting the Kharif crop. Wheat is considered to be a significant crop among the many Rabi crops. Therefore, the farmer takes more care at the time of grain production. India has mastered the production of wheat in the last 4 decades. Moreover, Mahindra Arjun 605 or Mahindra Tractor 575 is an excellent tractor model which helps in efficient farming. Also, it comes in a nominal price range.
There is a need for a continuous rise in the production and productivity of wheat. To ensure that all the people in the country get food grains regularly, the production of the crop is being done by the farmer using high technology. Therefore, the best varieties are used by the farmers for the excellent yield of the crop.
Wheat Improved Varieties
To get a good wheat crop, improved wheat varieties have to be selected. The improved combination chosen by the farmer determines how much the yield will be. You are being told about some such varieties of wheat, which have high productivity and disease resistance.
Improved and well-known varieties of ADBW 303, WH 1270, PBW 723 for irrigated and late sowing, DBW 173, DBW 71, PBW 771, WH 1124, DBW 90 and HD 3059 for irrigated and late sowing can be selected. | If the sowing of seeds is done too late, then HD 3298 variety should be selected for that, while for limited irrigation and timing, choose WH 1142 variety.
To achieve the high fertility of wheat, its new varieties have been tested. In this test, 10-15 tonnes of natural dung manure and chemical fertilizers were increased by one and a half times per hectare from October 25 to October 31. has been tested in time. Its result was found to be very good.
In the trial, wheat sowing was also sprayed with growth inhibitors Chlormiquat (0.2) and propionyl (0.1) twice between 40 and 75 days so that vegetation growth could be stopped and its spread could also be promoted. A reasonable increase in the wheat crop can prevent it from falling.
Method of Sowing
The use of zero tillage technology is a very profitable and effective technique. At the time for sowing wheat in a paddy-wheat crop. Grain is planted by a zero drill machine using paddy zero tillage technology. In this technique, the conserved moisture of the land is used at the time of paddy cultivation. An area where paddy is harvested late. The use of this machine in those places is considered very popular.
This technique is the most effective method of management of paddy crops, and it is proving to be very effective in the case of water logging. The yield of sowing done using this technique is equal to or more than that of conventional sowing. And there is no fall in the crop. Moreover, due to the crop residue being on the surface, the roots of the plant are protected from moisture for a long time. Due to this, the increase in temperature does not adversely affect the yield and weeds are also controlled.
The crop requires 5-6 irrigations to get a good wheat crop. Irrigation of the crop should be done based on the availability of water, type of soil and requirement of plants. The yield of wheat crops occurs in three phases: the emergence of Chanderi roots in 21 days, the formation of the double knot in 65 days, and the formation of grain in 85 days. Therefore, to maintain adequate irrigation, the first irrigation should be done at an interval of 21 days and in addition to five irrigations at an interval of 20 days.
Irrigation using a sprinkler and drip method (drip irrigation) is suitable for the crop. But in areas with more water, water harvesting can also be done using this technique, and good yield can also be obtained. For such technologies, subsidies are also provided to the farmers by the central and state governments.
The right time for harvesting wheat is considered when the moisture content in the wheat grain becomes less than 20%, and the grain becomes hard by ripening, then harvesting is done with a combine harvester, threshing and dewatering. A yield of 70-80 quintals is obtained per hectare in its improved variety. Before storing the crop, the wheat grains should be dried thoroughly so that the moisture content remains only 10-12 per cent and the harvest comes to a safe level.
Broken and mutilated grains should be separated to avoid damage caused by pests. During grain storage, a tablet of aluminium phosphide should be kept in about 10 quintals of grain to prevent insects.
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