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What is the Mortgage Loan Origination Process?

by Nathan Zachary
Mortgage Loan Origination

When you first apply for a mortgage, the lender or loan officer “initiates” the loan and application. In order to submit an application, you must disclose your income, debt, and assets. After confirming this information, the lender then determines whether to grant you a loan, the amount you may borrow, and the interest rate.

Mortgage loan origination costs, which are often linked with the origination process and vary from 0.5% to 1% of the loan amount, are levied. Alternatively, if you are a borrower with a higher level of risk, this fee might be as high as 2%.

Mortgage loan origination requirements

When initiating the loan, be prepared to supply the following:

● Income paperwork, including tax returns, W-2s, and 1099s

● Expense and asset paperwork, such as a bank, brokerage, or other account or account statement

● A snapshot of your ID (for all borrowers)

Depending on the kind of loan you want, you could be required to provide additional documentation. For a USDA loan, you’ll need information on the property’s location; for a VA loan, you’ll need proof of military service. You must also submit details on the financial status of any cosigners.

Mortgage loan origination process phases


Initially, a lender will preapprove you for a Mortgage loan origination if you meet the requirements. Preapproval does not guarantee a loan, but it does give you an estimate of how much you may be able to borrow, provided you meet all the underwriting requirements, and your financial condition does not change drastically between the preapproval and the closing. You will supply specific financial information to your lender at this stage of the loan application process, and you will also be subject to a credit check in order for the lender to determine your creditworthiness.

Request to borrow

You must submit an application for the specific loan type you’re seeking, as well as a preapproval, which requires a thorough evaluation of your finances and the property you’re buying.

After completing your application, you will get a loan estimate that details all anticipated expenses related to the desired loan. To help customers to assess offers, lenders give an estimate of these expenses in advance. You will get the loan estimate three days after applying, if not immediately.

Loan processing and screening

Throughout the loan application and underwriting process, the lender and underwriters review your information, also known as your risk profile, to decide how much mortgage you can afford and timely repay. For the purpose of determining whether or not to grant you a mortgage, the lender may assess your information manually, with the use of a computerized system, or both. The lender now has the opportunity to either approve or refuse the loan or seek further information. This often occurs, so don’t be surprised if you get a request for further information.


After underwriting has been completed and your mortgage application has been approved, you will get a final commitment letter for the loan. Next is the conclusion procedure. During the closing, you will sign paperwork approving the loan terms and property transfer and get the keys to your new home. You are also responsible for the closing costs, which may include a Mortgage loan origination charge. There may also be other expenses, such as an underwriting fee, a fee for document preparation, a title insurance premium, and legal fees.

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