Untreated cases of diabetes lead to major health problems. Complications like heart disease, kidney failure, and nerve damage arise when a diabetes patient does not take the right medication. Hospitals and clinics perform numerous tests to ensure the right diagnosis of diabetes. Take a look below and learn about these major tests.
This test is specific to determining an individual’s average blood sugar level. When the diagnosis falls into 5.7%, it is indicative that your sugar levels are normal. When it falls between 5.7 and 6.4, chances are that you have prediabetes, and any figure above 6.4% points to diabetes.
#Fasting blood sugar test
This test is usually carried out to diagnose diabetes by determining the blood sugar levels after an overnight fast. It is pretty normal to have a blood sugar level of 99 mg/dL. When the number shows between 100-125 mg/dL, chances are that you have prediabetes, and 126 mg/dL and above imply the patient has diabetes.
#Glucose tolerance test
The objective of the test is to determine the blood sugar before and after drinking a glucose-powered liquid. To take the test, the patent is asked to fast overnight. As he/she reaches the clinic, blood is drawn to check the blood sugar levels. Then the patient is offered a glucose drink and the sugar level is checked at the intervals of 1, 2, and 3 hours. During the time frame of 2 hours, if the number shows 140 mg/dL, it indicates that the patient is healthy. A diagnosis between 140 to 199 shows signs of prediabetes, and higher numbers point to diabetes.
Diabetic patients are more prone to heart diseases than other people. Taking regular blood tests to determine cholesterol levels is imperative to keep their health in check.